Here are a few examples to quickly get you started with building Genie web apps.
The simplest use case is to configure a routing function at the REPL and start the web server. That’s all that’s needed to run your code on the web:
julia> using Genie, Genie.Router julia> route("/hello") do "Hello World" end julia> up()
route function (available in the
Router module) defines a mapping between a URL (
"/hello") and a Julia function which will be automatically invoked to send the response back to the client. In this case we’re sending back the string “Hello World”.
That’s all! We have set up an app, a route, and started the web server. Open your favourite web browser and go to http://127.0.0.1:8000/hello to see the result.
Keep in mind that Julia JIT-compiles. A function is automatically compiled the first time it is invoked. The function, in this case, is our route handler serving the request. This will make the first response slower as it also includes compilation time. But once the function is compiled, for all the subsequent requests, it will be super fast!
Genie can also be used in custom scripts, for example when building micro-services with Julia. Let’s create a simple Hello World micro-service.
Start by creating a new file to host our code – let’s call it
Now, open it in the editor:
Add the following code:
using Genie, Genie.Router using Genie.Renderer, Genie.Renderer.Html, Genie.Renderer.Json route("/hello.html") do html("Hello World") end route("/hello.json") do json("Hello World") end route("/hello.txt") do respond("Hello World", :text) end up(8001, async = false)
We begun by defining 2 routes and we used the
json rendering functions (available in the
Renderer.Html and the
Renderer.Json modules). These functions are responsible for outputting the data using the correct format and document type (with the correct MIME), in our case HTML data for
hello.html, and JSON data for
route serves text responses. As Genie does not provide a specialized method for sending
text/plain responses, we use the generic
respond function, indicating the desired MIME type. In our case
:text, corresponding to
text/plain. Other available MIME types shortcuts are
up function will launch the web server on port
8001. This time, very important, we instructed it to start the server synchronously (that is, blocking the execution of the script), by passing the
async = false argument. This way we make sure that our script stays running. Otherwise, at the end of the script, it would normally exit, killing our server.
In order to launch the script, run
$ julia geniews.jl.
Genie readily makes available a rich set of features - you have already seen the rendering and the routing engines in action. But for instance, logging (to file and console) can also be easily triggered with one line of code, powerful caching can be enabled with a couple more lines, and so on.
The app already handles “404 Page Not Found” and “500 Internal Error” responses. If you try to access a URL which is not handled by the app, like say http://127.0.0.1:8001/not_here, you’ll see Genie’s default 404 page. The default error pages can be overwritten with custom ones and we’ll see how to do this later on.